From the standpoint of the end last things in life and in the universe, Buddhism is a religion of self-extinction; this means that whereas humanism advocates life, life perpetuation, life enhancement, knowledge of the universe as man's #1 concern and also its control or mastery; Buddhism is in its eschatology -- the end things, very, essentially, anti-humanist.
It starts with suffering, as though there is nothing to life but suffering; and it blames desire as responsible for suffering, as though desire is always the cause of suffering and nothing more; from these two premises it builds up a philosophy and a life world view of negativism; so that the ultimate end to be aspired after and worked for is Nirvana, which however not officially defined is known in its etymology as like the candle flame extinguished by a gust of wind.
That is the Buddhism of the elitists, namely, concept persons like monks -- although they are monks for the housing and bread just like in every religious asylum, concept persons who think so as to be divorced from the real world of everyday people, humans who put a lot of importance in the world perceived by the eye, ear, nose, tongue, fingers, and other avenues whereby man knows life and the universe.
Buddhists who are concept people like monks and supposedly scholarly Buddhists think apparently most profoundly, tell us that everything, life and the universe, is best returned to the point before the big bang, therefore a universe and matter and energy never having evolved into what life and the universe today is. And that is the aspiration and agenda of Buddhists, elitists that is, like monks of supposedly intellectual caliber.
Common Buddhist folks in traditional Buddhist lands like Thailand and Burma and Sri Lanka, they are just like religious people everywhere, they are after favors from the powers that be whether God, or gods, or spirits, or whatever statues or objects believed to be endowed with efficacy to assist them in their needs, desires, problems, special steps in life.
As common folk Buddhists they long for rebirth into the realms of the gods where everyday is party time and the duration lasts for eons.
No, folk Buddhists do not occupy themselves with Nirvana, certainly not the etymological meaning of life and the universe itself ending up like a candle flame blown off by a gust of wind.
If you ask me, the motto of elitist Buddhism should be R.I.P., that is Rest in Peace, and the degree earned by monks is R.I.P., earned in the campus of the cemetery.
One word about the Buddhism cultivated by Westerners, they go for the psychotherapy through meditation; but they don't want to think or imagine that overcoming the stress of life is best attained by having a good home and family, so that when they look at their spouse, wife or husband, at their children, their pet dog and pet cat, the beautiful or at least comfortable house they live in, and the wonderful neighbors they are surrounded with, then all stress should be gone from their heart and mind.
For assistance they can always look up the mature, experienced. worldly wise among their family members, and also seek solace from neighbors and office colleagues or job companions, who really do care for them, love them -- that is the word, love.
See why Buddhists use the word compassion but never love, and you might just discover that there is no love in Buddhism.
Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism
Pachomius tərəfindən 14 Noyabr 2006
Top Definition
A teaching by Siddhartha Gautama "The Buddha"(563 - 483 B.C) that teaches that eradication of the "self" illusion, extinguishment of material attachments and eradication of sensual cravings is the path to liberation (nirvana). Buddhism is perhaps the religion with the strongest scientific backing, with Albert Einstein once famously saying that Buddhism was the religion he favored most. It is believed that The Buddha referred to sub atomic particles and intra atomic forces long before any Western scientist. Some argue that "Buddhism" is not really a religion as it does not require worship to a God.
To the great credit of Buddhism, not a drop of blood has been shed in the name of The Buddha, in the faith's 2500 year history.
Xavii tərəfindən 18 İyun 2005
Buddhism firstly does not believe in the existence of an omnipotent being i.e. God. Instead, there is a concept of, if you will, the universal law. To better understand this, think of laws of physics (like inertia), those things that all physical things abide by, but we simply do not know why.

All beings on this Earth are bound to the 'cycle of suffering'. Suffering does not necessarily mean it must be painful or you must not like it, but it means that they are worldly things. i.e. by being bound to these things, you are 'suffering' as in you are not free and you will not find true peace. If you die, you will be reincarnated to suffer through whatever you deserve depending on your karma in the past life.

Buddhism believes in freeing oneself from the otherwise neverending worldly suffering through detaching oneself from worldly things. Buddhism says you will never cease to feel angry, jealous, happy, or whatever as long as you are attached to worldly things like pleasure, love, and hate. Attachment to physical things also contribute to this suffering cycle. All the things that you see, hear, feel, touch, and taste everyday are all created by your brain, so there is no knowing that they are real and true. Thus, it is fair to say Buddhism is about freeing the mind.

When you meditate, you sit still, close your eyes, and clear your mind. This is so that you are less likely bound by 'outside' things, and you can focus on understanding the facts of life and freeing the mind. Enlightened monks are those who have fully detached themselves from all worldly things and therefore have found true peace. Once they die, they will not reincarnate because they are then free of the cycle of suffering.
On an interesting note, the Jedi concept was adapted from Buddhism. That's why Light Jedi's are taught to control the mind, and Anakin is warned against falling in love. I must add that Buddhism does not say you must not fall in love, but love is just another worldly thing which will cause much suffering like hatred, jealousy, and lust (just look at Anakin for example). The whole concept of 'The Matrix' is based on Buddhism (although not exactly the same), that the world is not real and once you have freed your mind and realized the 'outside' things, you become enlightened (like Neo).

Some may say that monks are torturing themselves by denying themselves the pleasures in life. In truth, monks who truly understand Buddhism do not wish for those things because it is 'outside' to them. To them, a new house is the same as a new pair of shoes, all of which is of no importance.
-K.W.- tərəfindən 09 Yanvar 2006
Buddhism is a religion based on the teachings of Buddha. Buddha taught that 1) life permates around suffering, 2) humanity suffers because of their desires, 3) to overcome desires, one must obtain nirvana, and 4) to obtain nirvana, one must follow the eight-fold path (Right Views, Right Resolve, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration). These are known as the four noble truths. Buddha accepted the concepts of karma and samsara, but rejected the idea of the Brahman and atman. Buddha also taught different understandings of reality and psychology which was based on the idea of anicca; that reality is not permanent and predictable but rather transient and changing. Thus all things flow according to cause and effect. The idea that there is a self, or ego, is an illusion. Buddhism teaches anatman or anatta, No Self. Acting on this illusion of the Self leads to dissatisfaction in existence - Dukkha.
Buddhism teaches that karmic cause and effect leads to the generation of energy, a process called dependent co-arising. The workings of karma cause those energies to coalesce as five bundles of energy called skandhas. The skandhas are: Body (rupa), Perception (jamjna), Feelings (vedana), Inherent Impulses (karmic predispositions, samskaras), Consciousness/Reasoning (vijnana). These are always in flux and disperse at death. Karma causes them to reform as a new existence unless the chain of cause and effect is broken.
♫ Highway to Hell ♫ tərəfindən 01 İyun 2010
Buddhism is a religion which has its beginnings with Siddharta Gautama, a prince who gave up material possessions in order to meditate, always searching for the reasons of life. He came up with the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, things which also Buddhists live by. Siddharta became known as the Buddha, and despite those fat, bald little Buddhas you may have seen, looked nothing like them.
Buddhism generally calls for a passive way of life, giving up material possessions in the search for truth and enlightenment. This is usually done through hours and hours of meditation.
♫ Highway to Hell ♫ tərəfindən 01 Dekabr 2010
Buddhism is a religion (not just a "philosophy") practiced by millions of people, primarily in Southeast Asia, China, Japan, and (increasingly) in the U.S. It is actually the most diverse family of religions, and the only major religion never to have sponsored a holy war. Founded by Siddhartha Gautama in northern India in the 6th Century B.C.E., Buddhism teaches that life is suffering, that the suffering is caused by desire and other delusions, and that overcoming these delusions will extinguish the suffering.

Most Buddhists believe in reincarnation, and strive to achieve Nirvana (enlightenment) and thus get off the 'wheel of rebirth' (in other words, cease being reincarnated). This can be interpreted as "nonexistence," or as graduating to a higher plane of existence -- being reunited with the universe itself.
Buddhism neither believes nor disbelieves in God; it is simply not considered an important question. But Buddhists do believe in the soul and afterlife (reincarnation). Buddhism is the most philosophical, contemplative, and psychologically oriented of all the major religions.
Jonas Smithson tərəfindən 14 Avqust 2005
An offshoot of Brahminism/Vedism taught by the Indian Prince Gautama Siddhartha, which declared that there was no permanent self (Atman) and that liberation from suffering was to be found not by worshipping gods but by escaping from the cycle of birth and death. According to Gautama Buddha, suffering and rebirth are caused by attachment to things which are devoid of independent existence and thus impermanent.

While generally classified as a religion, Buddhism is probably more accurately described as a spiritual path. However, many Buddhist sects contain strong religious elements.

Buddha himself told his disciples that understanding in Buddhism should be established through personal insight rather than faith or revelation.

Some modern Buddhists, especially in the West, do not accept the ideas of karma and rebirth (after death) at face value.
Sokka Gakkai believers who chant for personal gain and belief-free Western Zen practitioners are Buddhists.
Buddhabing tərəfindən 10 Avqust 2005
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